Featured Collection: Steiff Stuffed Animals

Our 'January 23rd Premier Auction' will feature an impressive collection of vintage, replica, and newer Steiff stuffed animals.

The image includes three individually featured bears from our upcoming Premier Auction. From left to right: Lots 1586, 1592, and 1594.

"Only the best is good enough for Children"

Steiff is known as the world's foremost luxury toy brand. The craftsmanship of their product has been considered the quality gold standard for stuffed animals since the company's humble beginnings in 1880. Margarette Steiff, the founder, is credited with the invention of this most cherished play toy.

"Der Mensch treibt just das am liebsten, wozu er am wenigsten Beruf hat"

(man most enjoys doing exactly what he is least suited for)

Afflicted with polio as a child, Margarette Steiff suffered from paralysis of her legs and the restricted use of her right arm. Despite the barriers of this disability and her femininity, she was able to become a sought-after seamstress and eventually a successful business owner. Her self-determination and entrepreneurial spirit are an inspiration to this day.

The creation of her first stuffed animal was happenstance. With leftover scraps of felt fabric and a pincushion pattern she’d clipped from a lady's magazine, Margarette fashioned a simple stuffed elephant. This elephant would be the first of many given to lady friends as pincushions and quickly adopted by their children as beloved toys. Requests for these stuffed animals from neighbors and friends were soon followed by orders from toy dealers. Thus her new found hobby evolved into a thriving business.

photo of Margarette Steiff via: moviespictures.org

As the company grew so did its miniature zoo. Steiff's menagerie would eventually include dogs, cows, cats, camels, pigs, birds, creepy crawlers, horses, fish, bunnies, chipmunks, donkeys, and more. But the toy to give the company lasting fame would be the Teddy Bear.

This reproduction of Margarete Steiff's original elephant pincushion is included in Lot 1625 in our upcoming January 23rd Premier auction.

The History of the Teddy Bear:

The first Steiff bear toys were modeled after dancing bears. They were often depicted with a ring through their nose and performing various circus acts. Margarette Steiff's nephew, Richard Steiff, wished to make a bear toy with jointed limbs so that it could be posed and played with like a doll. It would take many attempts until the design was perfected, but the final result would become the world's most iconic children's toy.

Example of inspiration for the original steiff stuffed bears. via: http://circusnospin.blogspot.com

When designing the first Teddy Bear prototypes, Richard Steiff, frequently visited the zoo to sketch the animals directly from life. This respect for naturalism is especially evidenced by the original teddy bear’s realistic proportions: elongated arms, humped back, extended snout, and beady eyes. The jointed limbs of these bears were even designed to articulate in a natural way- reflecting a live bear’s movements. In addition, Steiff stuffed bears were often given a "growler". This reeded mechanism makes a "growl", or at least a sound similar, when the stuffed animal is played with.

Lot 1585 is the perfect example of the realism of the original teddy bear's proportions. He even growls!

After many an afternoon spent sketching bears at the zoo, Richard Steiff's drawings were translated into patterns from which the first models were made. Materials were chosen to best suit each piece, then cut and sewn by hand. Margarete Steiff herself usually stitched these initial mock-ups to ensure that the patterns could easily be reproduced and to correct any design flaws.

Instead of the traditional felt, Mohair Plush (a shimmering, subtle fiber woven from the fleece of the Angora goat) was chosen to mimic a bear’s real fur coat. This material was ideal for children’s toys as it was dirt repellent, flame resistant, took dye remarkably well, and was silky soft to the touch. This fabric's durability is attested by the many antique tedd